Fred's ImageMagick Scripts



    Licensing:

    Copyright © Fred Weinhaus

    My scripts are available free of charge for non-commercial use, ONLY.

    For use of my scripts in commercial (for-profit) environments or non-free applications, please contact me (Fred Weinhaus) for licensing arrangements. My email address is fmw at alink dot net.

    If you: 1) redistribute, 2) incorporate any of these scripts into other free applications or 3) reprogram them in another scripting language, then you must contact me for permission, especially if the result might be used in a commercial or for-profit environment.

    Usage, whether stated or not in the script, is restricted to the above licensing arrangements. It is also subject, in a subordinate manner, to the ImageMagick license, which can be found at: http://www.imagemagick.org/script/license.php

TRIANGLETHRESH


Automatically thresholds an image to binary (b/w) format using the triangle technique.

Download Script

last modified: November 03, 2015



USAGE: trianglethresh [-g graph] infile outfile
USAGE: trianglethresh [-help]

-g ..... graph .......... graph specifies whether to generate a
......................... histogram graph image displaying the
......................... location and value of the threshold;
......................... choices are: view or save;
......................... default is no graph

PURPOSE: To automatically thresholds an image to binary (b/w) format using the triangle technique.

# DESCRIPTION: TRIANGLETHRESH automatically thresholds an image to binary # (b/w) format. It does not assume the histogram is bimodal. It finds the # bin with the highest value (the peak in the histogram) and also the end # of the histogram furthest from the peak. It then draws a line between # the two. It exhaustively searches along the line drawing a perpendicular # from the line to the top of each histogram bin and picks the threshold # value at that bin for which the perpendicular is the longest.

ARGUMENTS:

-g graph ... GRAPH specifies whether to generate a graph (image) of the histogram, displaying the location and value of the threshold. The choices are: view, save and none. If graph=view is selected, the graph will be created and displayed automatically, but not saved. If graph=save is selected, then the graph will be created and saved to a file using the infile name, with "_histog_triangle.gif" appended, but the graph will not be displayed automatically. If -g option is not specified, then no graph will be created.

NOTE: It is highly recommended that the output not be specified as a JPG image as that will cause compression and potentially a non-binary (i.e. a graylevel) result. GIF is the recommended output format.

REFERENCES: see the following:
http://www.ph.tn.tudelft.nl/Courses/FIP/noframes/fip-Segmenta.html

Mathematics Background (120KB PDF)

CAVEAT: No guarantee that this script will work on all platforms, nor that trapping of inconsistent parameters is complete and foolproof. Use At Your Own Risk.


EXAMPLES


Triangle Thresholding Of Various Images

Pictures Were Obtained from:
blood.jpg from http://www.istanbul.edu.tr/eng/ee/jeee/main/pages/issues/is62/62008.pdf
fingerprint.jpg from http://www.istanbul.edu.tr/eng/ee/jeee/main/pages/issues/is62/62008.pdf
flower.jpg from http://www.jhlabs.com/ip/blurring.html
house.jpg from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otsu's_method
kanji.jpg from http://www.measurement.sk/2004/S1/Yong.pdf
parts.gif from http://www.ph.tn.tudelft.nl/Courses/FIP/noframes/fip-Segmenta.html
rice.jpg from http://www.istanbul.edu.tr/eng/ee/jeee/main/pages/issues/is62/62008.pdf
tank.jpg from http://stinet.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA464347&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf
textsample.jpg from http://signal.ece.utexas.edu/seminars/dsp_seminars/01fall/211_seeger_mf.pdf
lena2g_edge1.jpg was created using the IM function -edge 1

Original Image

Thresholded Image

Histogram



See A Comparison Of Each Image Against Each Thresholding Technique



What the script does is as follows:

  • Converts the image to grayscale
  • Generates the histogram
  • Draws a line from the top of the largest bin in the histogra
    to the bottom of the end of the histogram furthest away
  • For each bin in the histgrom, it computes the perpendicular
    distance from the top of the bin to the line.
  • Finds the bin with the largest perpendicular distance to the line
  • Thresholds the image at the graylevel corresponding to the selected bin